Multiple Intelligence

This theory claims that everyone is intelligent in at least one out of eight different multiple intelligences.
Dr. Howard Gardner started writing his book "Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences with some simple but very powerful questions, viz., are talented chess players, violinists, and athletes 'intelligent' in their respective disciplines? Why these and other abilities are not accounted for on traditional IQ tests? Why is the term intelligence limited to such a narrow range of human endeavours?

Multiple intelligence theory asserts that individuals with a high level of aptitude in a particular type of intelligence do not necessarily have a similar aptitude in any other type of intelligence. For example, a young person who demonstrates an impressive level of musical intelligence may be far less skilled when it comes to bodily-kinesthetic or logical-mathematical intelligence. Perhaps this seems obvious, but it's important to recognize that this notion stands in sharp contrast to the traditional (and still dominant) view of intelligence as a general ability that can be measured along a single scale and summarized by a single number.



8 Kinds Of Intelligences


Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence (“Word smart”)

People with verbal-linguistic intelligence display a facility with words and languages. They are typically good at reading, writing, telling stories and memorizing words along with dates. They tend to learn best by reading, taking notes, listening to lectures, and discussion and debate. They are also frequently skilled at explaining, teaching and oration or persuasive speaking.Those with verbal-linguistic intelligence learn foreign languages very easily as they have high verbal memory and recall, and an ability to understand and manipulate syntax and structure.

Mathematical-Logical Intelligence (“Number smart”)

This area has to do with logic, abstractions, reasoning, and numbers. While it is often assumed that those with this intelligence naturally excel in mathematics, chess, computer programming and other logical or numerical activities, a more accurate definition places emphasis on traditional mathematical ability and more reasoning capabilities, abstract patterns of recognition, scientific thinking and investigation, and the ability to perform complex calculations.

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence ("Body smart")

People who have this intelligence usually heve the attitude“Learning by doing”. They enjoy acting or performing, and in general they are good at building and making things. They often learn best by physically doing something, rather than reading or hearing about it. Those with strong bodily-kinesthetic intelligence seem to use what might be termed muscle memory. They remember things through their body such as verbal memory or images. They require fine motor skills that are required for dancing, athletics, surgery, craft and other movement functions.

Interpersonal Social Intelligence (“People smart”)

People in this category are usually extroverts and are characterized by their sensitivity to others' moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations, and their ability to cooperate in order to work as part of a group. They communicate effectively and empathize easily with others, and may be either leaders or followers. They typically learn best by working with others and often enjoy discussion and debate.

Intrapersonal Intelligence (“Self smart”)

At the heart of this intelligence are human self reflective abilities or thinking inside of one’s self. This is the introspective intelligence. It involves uniquely human propensity to want to know the meaning, purpose, and significance of things.People high on this intelligence prefer to work alone and sometimes may shy away from others. They are self-reflective and self-aware and thus tend to be in tune with the inner feelings, values, beliefs, and thinking processes. They are frequently bearers of creative wisdom and insight, are highly intuitive, and are inwardly motivated rather than needing external rewards. Generally such people are strong willed, self-confident, and have definite, well-thought out opinions on almost any issue, hence people come to seek advice and counsel. There is often a high level of perfectionism associated with this intelligence.

Visual-Spatial Intelligence (“Picture smart”)

“A picture is worth a thousand words!” or “Seeing is believing!” This intelligence represents the knowing that occurs through the shapes, images, patterns, designs, and textures we see with our external eyes, but also includes all of the images we are able to conjure inside our heads.People with strong visual-spatial intelligence are typically very good at visualizing and mentally manipulating objects. Those with strong spatial intelligence are often proficient at solving puzzles. They have a strong visual memory and are often artistically inclined. Those with visual-spatial intelligence are also generally have a very good sense of direction and may also have very good hand-eye coordination.

Musical-Rhythmic Intelligence (“Music smart”)

Those who have a high level of musical-rhythmic intelligence display greater sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music. They normally have good pitch and are able to sing, play musical instruments, and compose music. They are very sensitive to sounds in the environment; the chirp of cricket, rain on the roof, varying traffic patterns. They may study and work better with music in the background. They can often reproduce a melody or rhythmic pattern after hearing it only once. Various sounds, tones, and rhythms may have a visible effect on them while others can often see a change in facial expressions, body movement, or emotional responses. They like to create music and enjoy listening to a wide variety of music. They often are skilled at mimicking sounds, language accents, and others’ speech patterns, and can eadily recognize different musical instruments in a composition.

Naturalist Intelligence (“Nature smart”)

This intelligence has to do with understanding the natural world of plants and animals, noticing their characteristics and behavior. People with high Naturalist Intelligence are generally good in observation. They are environment centric and have great love for nature. They love greenery, river, mountains, beaches etc.